For good control of TB there should be 

  • recognition that TB is a potential diagnosis;
  •  prompt confirmation of diagnosis;
  •  no delay in starting treatment;
  •  an appropriate drug regimen;
  •  supervised therapy;
  •  early consideration of drug resistance in nonrespondingpatients.

Hospital care of patients with potential or known TB requires:

  • appropriate isolation of patients;
  •  risk assessment for drug resistance;
  •  adequate negative pressure rooms which are properlymonitored ;
  •  aerosol-generating procedures (bronchoscopy, sputum induction or nebulizer treatment) should only take place in negative pressure rooms;
  •  consider all patients potentially infectious until proven otherwise;
  •  no mixing of HIV-infected or other immunosuppressed patients with TB patients;
  •  hospital TB control plan based on risk assessment;
  •  adequate protection of healthcare workers and other contacts.